Discectomy is the surgical removal of part or all of a vertebral disc that has herniated. The disc is removed by first cutting the outer annulus fibrosis and removing the nucleus pulposus to relieve pressure on the nerve root. A dissection is then performed to remove a ligament that runs from front to back in order to access the spinal canal and remove any bone spurs or disc material protruding through the ligament.
Conditions to Treat with Discectomy:
- Herniated Disc
- Bulging Disc
- Pinched Nerve
- Arm or leg pain — In addition to the localized pain that you may feel at the site of the compressed nerve in your back, you may also experience radiating or shooting pain in your extremities. If your spine condition is in your cervical spine (neck), you may experience pain in your arm and shoulder. If the compressed nerve is in your lower back, you might experience radiating pain down your buttock and leg. The pain may worsen with sudden movements, such as sneezing or coughing.
- Numbness or tingling — Often accompanied by the pain in your arm or leg, you may experience a tingling or numbness that extends to your farthest extremities, such as your hand or foot. Some people may only experience numbness or tingling without the radiating pain.
- Weakness — If the compressed nerve is unable to send strong signals to your surrounding muscles, you may experience weakness in the arm and hand or leg and foot.
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